Vascular Repair

Vascular Repair is a surgery that can be used to treat a wide range of heart and blood flow issues.

November 4, 2022

Vascular Repair is a surgery that can be used to treat a wide range of heart and blood flow issues.
Some facts about Vascular Repair:

  • Any condition that affects the arteries, blood vessels, veins, and tiny capillaries that carry blood is called as vascular disease.
  • Although, vascular disease is more common with age, but people with a family history of vascular and heart disease are at higher risk.
  • Women who are pregnant, or anyone who has a cardiac related condition such as high cholesterol or hypertension are also at high risk of developing Vascular disease.
  • Surgery is generally not required if the vascular disease is diagnosed early.
  • A regular walking routine along with aspirin, statins, and other medications can be an effective for early PAD, which affects the arteries in the legs and feet.
  • Surgery may improve quality of life for some people, sometimes relieving pain and improving mobility

Procedure for Vascular Repair:

  • Open surgery techniques, as well as endovascular techniques can be used to treat vascular diseases.
  • A long incision is made in order to have direct access to view and treat the problem in case of open surgery.
  • Endovascular surgery is a minimally invasive approach in which a catheter (a slender, flexible tube) will be inserted with medications or tiny instruments through the skin and into the blood vessel.
  • A combination of minimally invasive and open approaches may be used in some cases.
  • An open surgery is required to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm if grow in size, in which a large incision will be made in the abdomen, and the weakened area will be replaced with a coil like tube made of metallic mesh called a stent, or with living tissue, called a graft.
  • A minimally invasive endovascular aneurysm repair can be used for treating abdominal aortic aneurysm in eligible patients.
  • A small incisions will be used in the groin and X-ray guidance while working with small instruments to insert the stent or graft.
  • Minimally invasive endovascular approaches can be used to treat severe PAD, in which a tiny incision will be made in the groin and a catheter will be inserted with miniature surgical instruments, into the artery.
  • The blockage can be found by using X-ray guidance and it will be opened up, maybe with a stent, or scrapes out the plaque.
  • Balloon angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure in which a catheter will be inserted with a balloon on the end to open the vessel. 
  • A stent will be placed in the artery to keep it open. 
  • An open surgery is required for some complex cases of PAD, in which an alternative route is created for the blood to go around the blockage.
  • Vein-stripping is a type of surgery that involves making two incisions in the leg and pulling out the entire vein.
  • This surgery is performed to remove varicose veins.
  • Varicose veins can also be removed by phlebectomy, in which several tiny incisions are used along the length of the vein and pulling it out in pieces.